Frontend, Front end, or Front-end? Helpful Examples

Bootcamps are an immersive and affordable option to learn the skills and gain the experience needed to start a career in front end or back end development. When choosing a bootcamp, it’s important to look at what fits your budget, schedule, and location. You should also review the curriculum to ensure it will teach you the skills and languages you want to learn. If you need help getting started, use our “Get Matched” tool to receive a customized bootcamp match. Back end developers are responsible for making web pages and applications work through back end languages and frameworks such as Java or Ruby on Rails. They also monitor how the site is working and make changes and updates to improve the behind-the-scenes functionality.

frontend development meaning

As I just mentioned, a great divide has been brewing in the front-end developer space for several years between two very different types of front-end developers. On the one side, you have JavaScript-focused programmers who write JavaScript for front-end runtimes that likely have computer science skills with a software development history. They probably view HTML and CSS as an abstraction (i.e., JSX and CSS in JS).

Express offers excellent error handling and templating functionality to aid your development. MongoDB is touted for its scalability in both storage and performance. You can add fields to the database without reloading the entire table, and MongoDB is well known for its ability to manage large amounts of data without compromising on data access. With just a few clicks, you can expand the resources available to your database, making it perfect for applications with occasional periods of increased activity. Learn why this end-to-end stack of MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS and Node.js is gaining popularity for modern web app development.


We must keep the hyphen present to show that there’s a clear difference between the words “front” and “end.” Sometimes, it’s okay to drop a hyphen like this, but this is not one of those cases. Before talking about the “front end” of a system, it’s going to be useful to know how to spell it. We’ll teach you whether it’s one or two words and if the hyphenated form is something that you need to understand.

For instance, a business might employ a front-end UI developer to handle both the aesthetic and practical design elements. When a business or client employs both a front-end developer and a UI developer, their duties are frequently different. Level up with a second, popular programming language (Python 2 & 3), as well as its own most common web framework, Django. Also use language features like lists, sets, and dictionaries appropriately for simple algorithmic tasks. Imagine, create, and deploy interactive and mobile-friendly applications for the web using the latest web technologies, including HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript (ES6+), and React. It’s different from some of the others we’ve mentioned here because it can be used for other kinds of software development and isn’t limited solely to web development.

frontend development meaning

Without a front-end, it’s almost impossible to develop an interactive and user-friendly product. Without a backend, there would be no data permanence or business logic. Both frontend and backend are necessary to make interactive software products. A front-end developer creates websites and applications using web languages how to do frontend development such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript that allow users to access and interact with the site or app. When you visit a website, the design elements you see were created by a front-end developer. Frontend developers use CSS, HTML, and JavaScript, while backend developers work with Python, Ruby, PHP, C++, Node.js, and JavaScript.

CSS Frameworks, Libraries, and Preprocessors

Back end development is aptly named for web development that occurs at the back end of programs. In contrast to front end development, which focuses on customer-facing products and programs, back end development addresses server-side web application logic and integration. Back end developers write code to help a database and application communicate. Essentially, a back end developer handles what you don’t see; they are in charge of the back end of a website, which includes servers, databases, and applications.

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A front-end developer also ensures that a website has the same visibility across different computing and mobile Web browsers. Think of headless browsers as a browser that you can run from the command line that can retrieve and traverse web pages. In some roles, the duties of a front-end developer and a UI developer may overlap.

How is the front end developed?

As long as you have access to the internet, you can sign in and complete work in your online class, entirely at your own pace. As you are developing your application, there will be errors in your code that need fixing. Debugging is the act of identifying those errors (“bugs”) and fixing them. Same as above, research job postings in your area to see what libraries and frameworks are being used. Everything on the page from the logo to the search bar, buttons, overall layout and how the user interacts with the page was created by a front end developer. Front end developers are in charge of the look and feel of the website.

FreeCodeCamp has a compilation of close to 200 articles and tutorials to help you learn frontend development. has both JavaScript and HTTP courses, which will teach you foundational concepts that will you developing robust frontends in no time. If you’re considering a job in web development, it’s good to know that backend and frontend developers often have different salary ranges. The median US salary for frontend developers is around $120,000, with a range of $106,000 – $130,000. Backend developers are paid a little less, making about $105,000, with a range of $91,000 – $120,000. In this program, you will have reading assignments and videos to watch as well as hands-on projects to complete and submit for grading from your mentor.

Front end alignment is crucial to create products that serve the business’s and user’s needs alike. Frontend developers use frameworks and libraries like AngularJS, React.js, jQuery, and Sass. Meanwhile, backend developers work with Express, Django, Rails, Spring, and Laravel. Once you have learned the technical aspects of front end development, you have to focus on putting together your job application materials.

This is a big task, as the web pages need to match the designs and ensure they work on various screen sizes. The national average in the U.S for a mid-level front-end developer is somewhere between $65kand 100k. Note that each of these job titles could potentially be prefixed with the terms “Junior,” “Mid-level,” “Senior,” “Lead,” “Director,” or “Principle”. As a group of experienced English writers, we enjoy sharing our knowledge in a language that everyone is able to understand.

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These developers take the visual designs from UX and UI designers and bring the website to life, making sure it functions well for the user. One of the many ways you could use front end skills is in creating a static website, which is a website with fixed content that’s delivered to a user’s browser exactly as it’s stored. You might run into a static website if you happen upon a simple landing page or a small business website that doesn’t allow users to perform any interactive tasks.

I believe this will happen because the mile wide and inch deep developer is ultimately inept at properly caring for the UI and user experience. Don’t get me wrong, a one in a million, unicorn, rock star developer does exist that can do it all and do it well. But modeling a profession on such an individual is impractical and dangerous. These are the classic frontend programming languages, and they’ve been used to create user interfaces for close to 30 years. There’s so ubiquitous because browsers natively understand HTML and CSS.

frontend development meaning

HTML or HyperText Markup Language is likened to the structural framing of a house, while CSS or Cascading Style Sheets can be considered the finishing touches one sees once a home is complete. To put it very simply, the front-end developer’s objective is to deliver a finished product that adheres to certain requirements. The objective of a UI developer, on the other hand, is more focused on providing front-end developers with a set of assets like buttons, tooltips, and other modular parts.

Learning how to write these languages and how they interact with each other is imperative to being an effective front-end engineer. Product managers own the product experience, the profit and loss of a product, and launch and marketing guidelines. He is familiar with the organization’s basic strategy and what is asked to deliver, and therefore providing the perfect blend between both is what is asked out of him.

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Let’s look at another example to understand business-logic services, which is an umbrella term that covers processes unique to that product or business. The backend will respond to the request, and the frontend is responsible for receiving these responses, digesting them, and updating the UI based on them. Once the server responds with the successful login status, the frontend should update the page to show the home page instead of the login screen. The goal of is to explain computer terminology in a way that is easy to understand. We strive for simplicity and accuracy with every definition we publish.

  • Additionally, propose a viable fix to a specific bottleneck in a provided sample application.
  • Meaning, what was once mostly done on the server is now done in the client at runtime.
  • On the one side, you have JavaScript-focused programmers who write JavaScript for front-end runtimes that likely have computer science skills with a software development history.
  • Back end developers write code to help a database and application communicate.
  • While the term may sound a little technical, website front ends are really an everyday encounter for almost all of us.

The most common databases used in backend are MySQL, PostgreSQL, DynamoDB, and MongoDB. has put together a guide to the best backend technologies to decipher which database is best for each scenario, and if you’re interested in a deep dive in SQL you can check out their Learn SQL course. Kubernetes, Docker, Apache, TensorFlow, Apache Hadoop, and many more are astounding backend technologies that are extremely useful and specialized in what they do.

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On the other side, you have, most likely, non-computer science educated developers who focus on HTML, CSS, and JavaScript as it specifically pertains to the UI. When entering or trying to understand the front-end developer space, you will feel this divide. The term front-end developer is on the verge of meaninglessness without clarifying words to address what type of front-end developer is being discussed. Fundamentally a front-end developer, historically sometimes referred to as a client-side developer, produces the code sent from a web server to a client/front-end to establish a user interface.

From there you can focus on frameworks, libraries, and other useful tools. Everything you see on a website, like buttons, links, animations, and more, were created by a front end web developer. It is the front end developer’s job to take the vision and design concept from the client and implement it through code. Front-end work can improve not only mobile and desktop sites but video social media tools as well. Front-end developers can help the browser edit and compress videos and render better visual displays. Whether you start an online business, join a small company like a fintech startup, or manage engineering teams at large enterprises, you will need to navigate these processes and work-flows to drive value.

When you go to any website, the frontend is responsible for determining the overall layout of the page, scroll behavior, buttons, and overall styling. The frontend not only defines what color the button is and where it appears on the page but also what the consequences of clicking on the button are. Build job-ready skills for an in-demand career and earn a credential from Meta.

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